Advantages & Disadvantages Of Ocean Freight Transportation Services?


Throughout the history, seas have been fundamental to people across the earth as a means of transportation. The two most common ways and almost absolutely the just two, used for international delivery are ocean freight and air freight. Such are the options you have when it comes to shipping automobiles, things, and other shipments; be it for business reasons or personal reasons. The unlikeness between such two kinds of cargo is not only the understandable one; one being by jet and the other using ships. Many factors play a major role in determining whether to transport cargo via the ocean or air .

Both the mode have their advantages and disadvantages, there are certain things must be kept in mind every time you choose to transport something around the globe. Such four things are the charges, Cost, dependability, Volume, and the Speed at which the items are transported to the preferred site. A few other factors that you must consider are Time, Security, Distance Coverage, Impact on Environment and Logistics.

However, ocean freight transportation services perpetually comes with its own set of advantages and disadvantages as follows:

Advantages of ocean freight transportation services:

Cheap Freight: In comparison to rail, road, and air, ocean freight rates are more affordable and especially more economically viable for bulkier cargo.
Less Maintenance Cost: Maintenance cost of water transport is quite cheaper in comparison to maintenance cost involved in air and rail transport. This is also one of the main reason because of which ocean freight rates are not high.
Best for Bulky Goods: Heavy and bulky items of shipment can be transported with ease through ocean freight without incurring enormous costs in transportation, as ocean freight rates are cheap. Airplanes cannot transport bulky items such as automobile parts, machinery, industrial parts etc. and ships can carry all kinds of heavy objects.
Important for Foreign Trade: While airlines are increasingly used today for international shipping, oceans have been for long connecting the global trade markets. Even till today, foreign trade is highly dependent upon ocean shipping.
Eco-friendly: Ships have a minimal carbon footprint as they consume lesser fuel in comparison to aeroplanes. As they are Eco-friendly, large organizations prefer them over other means of transport.
Safety: Ships are designed to carry dangerous materials and critical cargo safely. The industry is well-versed in the handling of such goods and has managing, in place to ensure the security of the vessel, troop, cargo and environment. Cargo loss occur by incidents during transportation is regularly fall in as maritime security increases, and has dropped significantly in the past decade. Containers are construct to be sealed and locked during transportation for extra security.
Efficiency: There is no matter the size of your shipments, sea freight companies can usually contain your needs. Tinier shipments can be arranged in a group together with other cargo to fill a container, agreed for cost-sharing for the transportation services. Big cargos can be fill in one or more containers, providing shippers incomparable bulk options. In fact, the vessels are the perfect way to move high volumes of cargo as they are constructed to carry large amounts of products or raw materials.
Disadvantages of ocean freight transportation services:

Slow Speed: Ocean transportation is a more time-consuming mode and is ideal for those items which have a long lead time. Other transportation options like air freight can deliver items in maximum 2-3 days while ocean freight might even take a month.
Risky: Since there is a high amount of time involvement from shipping to delivery, the risks associated with ocean shipping are higher. There might be delays or weather obstructions which can cause loss or damage of shipment.
Lack of Infrastructure: Certain parts of the world might not have the facilities of ports and terminals and can therefore not receive large ships carrying containers. Usually, a significant amount of capital expenditure is essential to handle container based networks.

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